Airgas reports fiscal 2013 earnings

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International document management

first_img Drew Macaulay is director of business development at First Advantage Litigation Consulting In a globalised environment where legal and regulatory matters can involve corporate subsidiaries spanning multiple jurisdictions, moving data from one country to another in order to respond to these matters can lead to significant legal, political and social challenges. The need to collect, review and produce information from multiple jurisdictions is a regular feature of international legal, regulatory and investigative matters. However, legal requirements to produce information in response to proceedings in one jurisdiction often clash with the data privacy requirements of other jurisdictions at both national and supranational levels. For example, a discovery request arising from US litigation may require the production of relevant documents from a company’s French subsidiary, including those containing personal data. The US legal team will then be faced with the EU Data Protection Directive, an instrument concerned with the level of protection of personal data after it has left the EU, and the French Blocking Statute French Penal Code Law No. 80-538, which prohibits a French national or corporation from moving data out of France in response to civil proceedings in another country. As another illustration, if a matter necessitates accessing documents originating in Switzerland, be prepared to face strong data protection laws which apply both to personal data, and to data belonging to other legal entities such as corporations. These types of hurdles are not limited to European countries. Matters involving data in China are affected by the state secrecy law, which prohibits unlawful copying, recording, transmission or storage of state secrets and incorporates a broad definition of such secrets, including ‘secrets in the areas of national economic and social development’ or ‘secrets concerning science and technology’. In Japan, the Personal Information Protection Act of 2003 does not allow acquisition and use of personal data by ‘business operators’ without consent, and contains detailed provisions regarding notification of persons concerned, specificity of purpose and security of data held by ‘business operators’ and third party organisations. In all of the above examples, serious penalties can be imposed on companies which do not pay adequate attention to the rules. However, certain steps can be taken to minimise the risk of these penalties and overcome cross-border challenges. In countries such as France which block even limited transfers of data but have acceded to the Hague Convention on the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil or Commercial Matters, a Letter of Request for evidence can be made by the court in the requesting jurisdiction to the central authority in the jurisdiction in which the data exists. This request must detail the nature of the information that needs to be collected, and will need to be highly specific, listing particular categories of documents, rather than simply a broad request for any documents potentially relevant to the matter. If consent for collection of data from individual employees, often referred to as custodians, is required under local data privacy law, consider asking the local Labour Unions’ assistance in gaining co-operation, which may particularly assist in jurisdictions such as Germany. Be aware that the collection and searching of someone’s personal information, even if it is stored on a corporate laptop or server, can be a stressful experience. Data collection staff who are able to fully explain the processes being used and the reasons why data has to be collected are often very helpful in achieving co-operation, even more so if they speak the same language as the potential custodian which is particularly important in countries such as China and Japan. In some jurisdictions such as France, several copies of the data collected may be needed, notification of collection must be provided to the custodian, and the collection itself may need to be conducted in the presence of a notary or similar figure. Where a particular jurisdiction specifically prohibits the transfer of irrelevant data, or requires that the data disclosed to be limited to only specific classes of documents, it is advisable to employ a specialist legal data collection and processing firm with facilities in that jurisdiction to assist with the management of the documents. Specialist technology and experienced technical staff can efficiently identify those documents likely to be relevant before the legal team conducts a more detailed, manual review. This process may include redaction of specific types of information such as names, social security numbers and other identifying information. Where no appropriate service provider exists in the country concerned, consider using a vendor with the ability to set up a temporary facility on the client’s site or elsewhere in that jurisdiction for that specific engagement. Using this type of arrangement can also be beneficial where corporate clients are concerned about the security of trade secrets or other confidential data. In order to prepare for cross-border information requests the first step is to map out the company’s data. A corporation may have operations in one country, but the data relating to those operations may be in another country – with very different privacy restrictions and regulations. A good understanding of the data locations and the data protection regimes in each relevant jurisdiction will aid decisions on how best to proceed if a need to collect data arises, and whether some or all of the approaches above should be employed. Secondly, understand how the company communicates, internally and externally, and stores its data. Does the corporation use outsourced data storage, ‘cloud’-based email or instant messaging? Where is this information physically held? How would one go about retrieving, searching and reviewing large numbers of these documents if required? As communication technology expands, so too does the complexity of data management. Identifying partners that have specific expertise and technology to deal with these changing information formats, and the ability to deliver services in the relevant locations, can effectively mitigate risk in responding to these complex cross-border information requests. Finally, consider spending some time identifying potential local counsel in the jurisdictions in which the company operates. Local counsel will have detailed knowledge of the regulatory and cultural environment in which a potential collection exercise may take place, which will assist in pre-empting any potential issues. This investment in time will pay dividends, particularly in regulatory matters where the speed and level of co-operation with the regulator could significantly impact the severity of fines levied on the corporation.last_img read more

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More Than 130 Candidates to Contest Jamaica’s General Election

first_imgThe EOJ said that the candidates of the ruling Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) and the main opposition People’s National Party (PNP) have filed nomination papers in all 63 constituencies and that the total number of candidates facing the electorate early next month are 139. Phillips, who will contest the East Central St Andrew constituency, he has been representing since 1994, said that the PNP is not perturbed by opinion polls and is equally confident of winning the September 3 general election. The police said that Tuesday’s Nomination Day was relatively peaceful and the EOJ said that there are also 13 independent candidates in the race. Holnesss, who led the JLP to a 32-31 victory in the 2016 general election but ended up with 34 seats after by-elections in 2017 and 2019.victory in the 2016 election, said he was confident also of being retained as the parliamentary representative for the St. Andrew West Central. KINGSTON, Jamaica – Jamaica’s two main political candidates have nominated persons to contest all 63 seats at stake in the September 3 general election, according to figures released by the Electoral Commission of Jamaica (EOJ). Both Prime Minister Andrew Holness and the Opposition Leader, Dr. Peter Phillips have expressed confidence in winning the election. “I have represented this constituency since September 15, 1997 making it almost 23 years. I remain committed to the people of West Central St. Andrew who placed their faith in me as a young entrant in the political scene back then and we have grown together,” he added. CMCcenter_img “In the Caribbean pollsters have gotten it dreadfully wrong in the last few months. In St. Kitts-Nevis, In Guyana….the polls that count are the polls on the ground,” said, Phillips, disputing also concerns about his health. The EOJ said that there are 34 females among the 139 candidates and that it is now intensifying preparations for the Special Services Voting Day on Monday, August 31 and election day, including assigning symbols to the independent candidates, printing of ballots, distribution of supplies and preparation of polling stations, the commission said. Police said that while the coronavirus (COVID-19) protocols were observed by many, party supporters were largely seen “not wearing masks, they were still hanging out from motor vehicles during motorcades and they were not maintaining any social distancing guidelines. “Based on the feedback that we have gotten from all the divisions across the country, everything went relatively well. There were no major incidents that warranted any serious police intervention, for the most part. All the nomination centres, those were carefully manned, they were organised. The social distancing protocol was in place,” said Senior Superintendent Stephanie Lindsay, head of the Jamaica Constabulary Force Corporate Communications Unit. Those independents will contest the seats in St Ann North Western, Trelawny Northern, Trelawny Southern, St James Central, Westmoreland Central, Westmoreland Eastern, Manchester Central, Clarendon North Western, St Catherine North Western, St Catherine South Western and St Catherine North Central. “I am very very healthy, I take no medication, I am fit and ready to go,” said the 70-year-old leader of the PNP, who earlier this year was treated for stage three colon cancer.last_img read more

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Meet the Boss – Xledger

first_imgThis week Mark Pullen, CEO of South Stand sponsors Xledger, talks about their love of the Bears, the coronavirus pandemic, and above all things being “useful” at a time of crisis.Subscribe to Bristol Sport TV by clicking here.last_img

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Club and player reject Newcastle offer, set to sign contract extension

first_imgDespite Newcastle United’s official offer to sign Andreas Samaris from Benfica, it looks like the Greek midfielder isn’t going anywhere. Portuguese newspaper O Jogo reports today that the player is really going to stay at the Eagles after turning down the chance to move to the Premier League.With Samaris’ contract with Benfica expiring at the end of the season, Newcastle had reportedly offered €300k to have the player on a loan deal, giving him a chance of signing a two-year contract in the summer. Then the Portuguese side would keep a percentage of a future transfer.However, O Jogo says that both Samaris and Benfica have rejected the deal. The midfielder doesn’t want to move away from the Lisbon side, and the Eagles didn’t like the amount offered.Embed from Getty ImagesNow Benfica have reportedly offered a new contract to Samaris, and they are ready to start discussing the new terms for him to stay with the Eagles.Although the player has only four appearances this season, he’s happy that the change of managers has been reversing his situation at the club, as he’s having more chances lately.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksTrending TodayForge of Empires – Free Online GameChallenge Your Brain With This Must-Play Strategy Game. No Install.Forge of Empires – Free Online GameUndoRaid: Shadow Legends | Free DownloadEven Non-Gamers Are Obsessed With This RPG Game (It’s Worth Installing!)Raid: Shadow Legends | Free DownloadUndoDating.comFind out where single guys are hanging out in Tung ChungDating.comUndoPerfect-Dating.comReveal Tung Chung As The Best City to Date for Love & RomancePerfect-Dating.comUndoKeto减肥1個簡單的妙招一夜「融化」腹部贅肉(今晚試試)Keto减肥UndoStanChart by CNBC CatalystWill Blockchain Reduce the Global Trade Finance Gap to Reach the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals?StanChart by CNBC CatalystUndo熱門話題小心會長過頭…網友推爆:「真的長得超誇張!」熱門話題UndoSingles50Hong Kong: A 40+ Dating Site That Actually Works!Singles50UndoCoworking Space | Search AdsThe cost of shared office in Hong Kong might surprise youCoworking Space | Search AdsUndolast_img read more

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El Saint Mirren escocés, interesado en Guti y Kluivert para su banquillo

first_img Tal y como desvelaba el periódico británico The Sun hace unos días, la opción principal para el club escocés es el madrileño Guti. Real Madrid’s Guti linked with top job at Scottish side St Mirren El holandés, ya ha tenido cierto paso por los banquillos e instituciones de algunos equipos europeos, y mantiene el perfil de entrenador joven y con poca experiencia que baraja el equipo escocés. Aunque esta opción parece complicada, debido a que actualmente Kluivert ejerce de director deportivo del PSG.  Upd. at 19:04 Àlex Artigas IN SPORT.ES El Saint Mirren escocés, interesado en Guti y Kluivert para su banquillo CEST RELATED STORIES Hoy, el periódico Sport Mail sitúa al ex jugador del Barcelona Patrick Kluivert como plan B para hacerse con el banquillo del Saint Mirren. Guti ya ha expresado su intención de no renovar con el juvenil A del equipo blanco porque quiere “nuevos retos”.  06/06/2018 Dicho medio asegura que será esta la semana clave para conocer cuál es la decisión del club escocés. Según indican, esta semana se producirán varias conversaciones que terminarán con la duda de quién ganará la pelea por el banquillo del Saint Mirren.  El Saint Mirren escocés, equipo recién ascendido a la primera división escocesa, está buscando entrenador para la próxima temporada y el perfil elegido es el de un técnico joven y con experiencia como jugador en el más alto nivel. Pero la carrera de Guti como candidato al banquillo del Saint Mirren parece haberse enfriado tras la repentina marcha de Zinedine Zidane del Real Madrid, ya que suena como uno de los posibles candidatos para suplir al francés.last_img read more

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Stingrays dominate All-Australian squad

first_imgBy Nick Creely The Dandenong Stingrays have dominated the AFL Women’s Under-18 All-Australian squad, with four star youngsters nominated in…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.last_img

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